Many organizations use licensed databases such as Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server. However, many organizations also supplement their licensed software with open-source as well.
Open-source means that the software's creators have made the source code available for others to acquire and amend as they please. There are many types of open-source databases, but for our purposes today we will focus on three; PostgreSQL, MySQL and MariaDB.
Why Use Open-Source?
There are a number of reasons why organizations use open-source tech, below are just a few.
- Free or at least much cheaper than licensed tools
- Customizability - The ability to modify the code as one wishes
- A community of users
- Flexibility - Not locked into a contract
- Fewer problems with bugs - With large numbers of users, bugs tend to be found and fixed with greater speed and regularity
About MariaDB, PostgreSQL and MySQL
These three databases are what we will be discussing in this blog, specifically how to manage them.
First released in 1996, PostgreSQL (sometimes referred to as Postgres) is a free relational database management system that was written in the "C" programming language at the University of California at Berkley.
It runs on all major operating systems, is highly extensible, ACID Compliant, has powerful add-ons and is designed to be user-friendly.
It supports the following data types:
- Arbitrary-precision numerics
- Character (text, varchar, char)
- Date/time (timestamp/time with/without time zone, date, interval)
- Bit strings
- Text search type
- HStore, an extension enabled key-value store within PostgreSQL
- Arrays (variable length and can be of any data type, including text and composite types) up to 1 GB in total storage size
- Geometric primitives
- IPv4 and IPv6 addresses
- Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) blocks and MAC addresses
- XML supporting XPath queries
Additionally, users can create their own data types which can usually be made fully indexable via PostgreSQL's indexing infrastructures.
MySQL is a free relational database management system that first came on the scene in 1995. It is one of the most popular open-source databases and is used by organizations around the world of all sizes ranging from YouTube and Facebook to small start-ups.
Its namesake is co-founder Michael Widenius's daughter "My".
It is a component of the LAMP stack Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP) which is used for web application development.
MySQL supports the following data types:
- Boolean (there is no built-in boolean data type feature so TINYINT(1) is used to represent it)
- Date and time
A little over a decade ago, MySQL was purchased by Sun Microsystems which was acquired by Oracle soon thereafter. Because of this, MySQL is now owned by Oracle. The free, open-source MySQL still exists and is very popular, however, Oracle also created a licensed enterprise version which also sees a good deal of use as well.
MariaDB is a relational database that was born from MySQL and released in the year 2009. It is free, open-source software developed by the original creators of MySQL. It shares compatibilities with it such as its API and protocols.
MariaDB was created as a response to the Oracle acquisition of MySQL in order to ensure that MySQL users would still have access to the open-source software that they knew and loved.
MariaDB supports the following data types:
- Date and time
Tools for Open-Source Databases
It goes without saying, the IT world is constantly evolving. For every problem comes a different solution. A new type of malware births a new security software. Sometimes things simply get faster and more efficient - think of the early days of dial-up internet to today!
When it comes to managing your databases, there are tons of point solutions. The databases (and other software) themselves may be free (in the case of open-source), but each management or maintenance tool you need keeps increasing your overhead.
Not only are these single-use tools not cost-effective, but they require a DBA or IT manager to have to switch back and forth each time they need to work on a different database. That's inefficiency by definition!
However, there is a better way.
Manage Databases with MAS
Master Automation Solution or MAS enables the management of multiple databases at one time through a single pane of glass displayed in a graphical UI. No more tool switching, no more having to train staff on new tools for new databases.
MAS consolidates tools, closes knowledge gaps and increases efficiency. All of these factors save your organization time and money! MAS has pre-loaded solution pacs for MariaDB, MySQL and PostgreSQL and even allows a DBA to import and run custom, ad-hoc scripts!
Monitor database performance, run and schedule jobs through push-button functionality and get in-depth insights into your databases like never before.
We would love to show you how MAS can change the way you manage your databases. To schedule a demo, drop us a line here.